It should firstly provide a summary of the article in question, then using a thorough, well structured argument the writer presents a point-of-view supported with examples and evidence. By nature this essay bears many similarities to the persuasive essay, only is designed to display a more balanced argument The first step in writing an evaluation essay is to provide a judgment asserted through a clear thesis. A good thesis statement determines exactly the focus of your essay and aids the reader in understanding what the essay is all about. Furthermore, it presents the point-of-view you are taking and hereafter each paragraph should work towards asserting this point-of-view to the reader.
Scene of a triumphant athlete, from a 5th century BC red-figure kylix painted by Epictetus. The crowned winner left is shown with symbols of victory, ribbons around the body and olive branches.
From Ancient Greece to the World The Olympic Games were the most characteristic expression of the competitive spirit of the ancient Greeks, who could never have imagined that they were making a unique mark on human civilization.
To explain the singularity of ancient Greek civilization, Greek-French philosopher Cornelius Castoriadis identifies something that no other people had at the time as the baseline value of the ancient Greeks: According to Castoriadis, this is the common starting point for philosophy and democracy.
But such questioning at the time, unlike today, was far from the norm; it could not have appeared on its own, as it presupposes Thesis competing restaurants inner tendency of people to wish to surpass certain limits.
And this disposition for transcendence goes hand-in-hand with the element of competition: In such a context, extrapolating the thoughts of Castoriadis, one could say that a key concept for understanding and explaining ancient Greek civilization is the idea of agon struggle, contest, competition.
Thus, questioning and agon were part of a single viewpoint, an overall life stance, which pervaded all manifestations of ancient Greek life, permeated all activities and was the driving force behind all expression of culture.
In ancient Greek society, the concept of agon underlay the view that anything can be achieved as the result of effort, healthy rivalry and noble competition.
The most characteristic expression of this competitive spirit was athletics and the Olympic Games, which for the first time in history assumed such dimensions.
For athletics, of course, had not first been conceived by the Greeks. Sport had existed in all early societies as an unconscious drive for competition with nature — as expressed, for example, by hunters running to keep up with fast-moving animals, hitting them with weapons from a distance, or fighting them with their bare hands to capture them.
All the prehistoric peoples of the Eastern Mediterranean had athletic interests and activities, but the Greeks were the first to elevate them to a way of life and invest them with more substantial parameters. Below, we shall consider how the concept of athletic competition developed; the forms it took in parallel with the development of the ancient world; and how agon constituted a key component in the ideology and practices of ancient Greek society, adopting from time to time a different ideological mantle.
In Minoan Crete and mainland Mycenaean Greece of the 2nd millennium BC, when evidence first exists for athletic activity in Greek territory, athletics served the recreational needs of the elite of the centralized palace system. It is believed that bull leaping, wrestling and chariot racing events took place in the palace courtyards or somewhere nearby, in the framework of celebrations to mark some important exceptional occurrence, such as a military victory or the birth of an heir to the throne.
Modern researchers suggest that many of these competitive events can be categorized as rites of passage, i. In the following period, so-called early historic times roughly from the 10th to the 8th c. BCone can discern two new parameters of athletic contests in the main Helladic region.
The first, seen for the first time in Homer, is the holding of games in honor of a recently deceased dignitary, as a complement to the elaborate burial ceremonies. Scene of bull leaping.
Wall painting from the Palace of Knossos, after the 15th century BC. Both of these phenomena, which mark the beginning of athletic contests in ancient Greece, involve respect for and paying homage to the gods and the deceased, which are basic components of ancient Greek ideology.
At the sanctuary of Olympia, we see for the first time the staging of the Games at regular periods, with a specific organization, a clearly defined program and elements that gave the activity an institutional character.
The institutionalization of the Games was the most important development in the history of athletics, for this is how the Olympics were first established. During this still-early period, members of the ruling class from the larger region would congregate at Olympia at regular intervals, not only to perform their religious duties, but also to use the games as an opportunity to make a show of force and engage in social and political competition.
As the influence of the sanctuary gradually grew, this aspect became even more important. The emergence of the city-state and the spread of the Greeks through colonization were accompanied by the corresponding growth and greater organization of athletic activities at Olympia, with the sanctuary and its Games eventually transcending their local, Peloponnesian identity and becoming a center for the entire Greek-speaking world.
It was also reflected in the organization and development of great panhellenic festivals at three other sanctuaries: Delphi, Isthmia and Nemea. Now, Olympia and its games were being used to strengthen the ethnic identity of the new city-states while also contributing to the consolidation of their social hierarchy and socio-political structures.
Consequently, anyone competing underlined and substantiated his Greek origins. In the Classical period 5th-4th century BC athletic contests became more democratic, mirroring political and social developments of the time.
Not only were ordinary citizens given the opportunity to enjoy the benefits of athletics, but it also served as the basis for military and political training of young men in most city-states. Nothing expresses more vividly the democratic ideology of athletics and the Games than the words of a prominent aristocrat, Solon: The spirit of competition and healthy rivalry went hand-in-hand with another conviction of the Classical-period Greeks, namely that the purpose of every action should be the improvement and progress of society as a whole.
Victories at the Olympic Games also played an important political and social role. A victory and the glory it brought — sufficient for a member of society to gain social recognition and become a leading figure — served as a springboard for a political career.
This was particularly important given the sharp antagonism that persisted among Greek city-states, exemplified by the rivalry between Athens and Sparta. Even after the Greek city-states had lost their autonomy and become part of great empires, the Games were so deeply embedded in the Greek psyche that they constituted a powerful political weapon.The market for consumer facing startups that offer on-demand or scheduled delivery of products and services is clearly hot right now.
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